The M10 tank destroyer
, formally 3-inch Gun Motor Carriage, M10
was a United States tank destroyer
of World War II
based on the chassis of the M4 Sherman
tank. It was numerically the most important U.S. tank destroyer of World War II and combined a reasonably potent anti-tank weapon with a turreted platform (unlike the previous M3 GMC
, whose gun was capable of only limited traverse). Despite the introduction of more-powerful types as replacements, it remained in service until the end of the war. Some of those replacements were in fact modified and/or rebuilt from the M10 itself.
It was christened the Wolverine
by the British, although unlike other vehicle names such as the M4 Sherman, the name was not adopted by American soldiers,Bryan Perrett (2003), Impossible Victories]
, p 98, Barnes & Noble, ISBN 9780760735336Chris Henry & Brian Delf (2004), British Anti-tank Artillery 1939–45]
, p 23, Osprey, ISBN 9781841766386. who called it TD
(a nickname for any tank destroyer in general) beyond its formal designation.
US combined-arms doctrine on the eve of World War II held that tanks should be designed to fulfill the infantry support and exploitation roles. The anti-tank warfare
mission was assigned to a new branch, the tank destroyer force. Tank destroyer units were meant to counter German blitzkrieg
tactics. Tank destroyer units were to be held as a reserve at the Corps or Army level, and were to move quickly... Read More