Maitland Plan (Spanish, Plan de Maitland), refers to a plan created by ScottishMajor GeneralThomas Maitland in 1800. The plan was titled Plan to capture Buenos Aires and Chile, and then emancipate Peru and Quito. Britain was by then at war with Spain and France in the Napoleonic Wars, and was seeking to expand its influence in South America since the loss of the 13 colonies of North America, which emancipated some time before.
The plan was never employed by the British. They twice attempted to seize Buenos Aires and Montevideo during the British invasions of the Río de la Plata, but were defeated. British military actions against Spanish South America ceased during the Peninsular War, when France turned against Spain and Britain allied itself with the Spanish resistance.