Majlis-ash-Shura (مجلس الشورى)
is the Arabic
term for advisory council
or consultative council
. In Islamic
context, the Majlis-ash-Shura is one of two ways that a Khalifa
(Islamic leader) may be selected, the other way being by nomination
There are no strict guidelines as to who can become part of the Majlis-ash-Shura. However, adulthood (in Islam, anyone who has reached puberty), a sound mind and strong knowledge of Islam are the most agreed upon prerequisites. Even these conditions are not completely agreed upon, as in the case of the scholar Faiyadh
, who wrote that experts in various non-Islamic fields like economics, engineering and medicine are also qualified.
The Khalifa: Election Conditions, Selection and Removal
Five conditions must be met before the Majlis-ash-Shura can select a new Khalifa:
- There must be no Khalifa at the moment.
- The selected person must accept the nomination.
- The nominee must have been selected without pressure having been exerted upon the Majlis-ash-Shura.
- The Majlis-ash-Shura must give the person their bay'a (pledge of allegiance).
- The general populace must give the person their bay'a.
The most common condition for selecting a candidate being that there can be no objection (supported by evidence) to the candidate. Scholars, however, disagree on the amount of votes there need to be for a candidate to be further considered. The amount varies from two, to at least forty, to the majority of the... Read More