Maki (current political party)

Maki (Current Political Party)

Israeli Political Party
Israeli Political Party Less

Maki (current political party)

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Description:
Maki (, an acronym for HaMiflega HaKomunistit HaYisraelit (, Al-Ḥizb ash-Shiū`ī al-'Isrā'īlī, lit. Israeli Communist Party) is a communist political party in Israel and forms part of the political alliance known as Hadash. It was originally known as Rakah (, an acronym for Reshima Komunistit Hadasha (, lit. New Communist List), and is not the same party as the original Maki, from which it broke away in the 1960s.

History

Rakah was formed on 1 September 1965 due to internal disagreements in Maki. Maki, the original Israeli Communist Party, saw a split between a largely Jewish faction led by Moshe Sneh, which recognized Israel's right to exist and was critical of the Soviet Union's increasingly anti-Zionist stance, and a largely Arab faction, which was increasingly anti-Zionist. As a result, the pro-Palestinian faction (including Emile Habibi, Tawfik Toubi and Meir Vilner) left Maki to form a new party, Rakah, which the Soviet Union recognised as the "official" Communist Party. It was reported in the Soviet media that the Mikunis-Sneh group defected to the bourgois-nationalist camp.‘’Mezhdunarodnaya Zhizn’’ -- cited in edition ‘’Välispanoraam 1972’’, Tallinn, 1973, lk 147 (Foreign Panorama 1972)

The 1965 elections saw Rakah party win three seats, comprehensively beating Maki as it slumped to just one. Rakah's opposition to Zionism and the Six-Day War meant they were excluded from the national unity governments of the...
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