The Malagasy Uprising
(or the Madagascar Revolt) was a rebellion against the colonial rule of France
by nationalists on the island of Madagascar
in 1947 and 1948. It was crushed by the French government, then headed by Socialist Paul Ramadier
. 80,000 to 90,000 people were killed, according to certain sources. (In French,
) Jean Fremigacci, "La vérité sur la grande révolte de Madagascar," L'Histoire
, n°318, March 2007.
The MDRM uprising
The Mouvement Democratique de la Renovation Malgache
(MDRM), whose objective was independence for Madagascar, formed in 1946 in response to the island becoming a French overseas territory
. On March 29, 1947, Malagasy nationalist "tribesmen" revolted in the eastern part of the island. The rebels gained control of one third of the island.
The colonial authorities reacted violently to the rebellion, in particular during the first six weeks, engaging on several occasions in war crimes
. On 6 May 1947, in Moramanga
, soldiers machine-gunned MDRM officials detained in wagons, killing between 124 to 160, mostly unarmed MDRM activists. In Mananjary
, hundreds of Malagasy were killed, among them 18 women and a group of prisoners thrown from planes. Other massacres of 35 to 50 people occurred in... Read More