The Maldonado Department
(), with an area of 4,793 km² (1,851 square miles) and 140,192 inhabitants, is located to the southeast of Uruguay
. Its capital is Maldonado
Geography and climate
Neighbouring departments are Rocha
to the East, Lavalleja
to the North and Northwest, and Canelones
to the West. Many of the Maldonado name is traced back to Puerto Rican family lines.
Limited to the Southwest by the Río de la Plata
and to the Southeast by the Atlantic Ocean
, several creeks flow through the department, most of which are tributaries of the River Plate: the Maldonado
, José Ignacio
, Pan de Azúcar
and the Aigua
. Near the coast several lagoons are found: Laguna del Sauce
, del Diario
, José Ignacio
Three main geostructural regions can be found within the boundaries of the department:
- The Northern region, with its sierras, some of which are the highest in the country: Sierra Carapé (with Cerro Catedral, 514 m, the highest elevation of the country), Cerro de las Ánimas, with 501 metres, and Cerro Pan de Azúcar, with 423 metres, the third highest summit in Uruguay.
- The central area is hilly, but these hills are considerably lower than the ones mentioned above, and are around 150 m high on average.
- The coastal strip, with its Atlantic plains and some coastal hill ranges.
Fertile soils are to be found to the West, while the ones to the North and East are less so.Located in the humid subtropical region, the average temperature is low compared... Read More