Malkangiri district is a district of the state of Orissa, India. This district was carved out as district from the undivided Koraput district on 2nd Oct, 1992. The administrative headquarters of this district is Malkangiri town.
Though this district ranks among the top 10 most backward and top 8 naxalite-affected districts of India, it is bestowed with rich natural beauty and has all the potential to be a good tourist destination. Some of the most beautiful locations are, the back waters of Balimela Dam, Satiguda Dam, Bonda Ghati (abode of the Bonda people, a primitive tribe).
This district has a Power Station at Balimela and the proposed Vijaywada-Ranchi corridor road will pass through it.
Malkangiri is the new home of the Bangladeshi refugees, who were rehabilitated since 1965 under the Dandakaranya project. Also some Sri Lankan Tamil refugees were rehabilitated in Malkangiri town, following the armed struggle of LTTE in the early 90's (most of them have returned, baring a couple of house holds). Currently it is one of the most naxalite-affected areas of the state.