Manlio Giovanni Brosio
(July 10, 1897 - March 14, 1980) was an Italian lawyer
and the fourth Secretary General of NATO
between 1964 and 1971.
Brosio was born in Turin
and studied law in the local university
. During the World War I
, he served in Alpine regiment
as an artillery officer. After the war, he graduated and in 1920 he entered politics. Later his political activity was barred because of his opposition of Fascism
During World War II
, after Allied invasion of Italy
in 1943; Brosio went underground and later became a member of the National Liberation Committee. After the war he re-entered politics, and became a deputy prime minister
and in 1945, a minister of Defense
In January 1947, Brosio became the Italian ambassador
to Soviet Union
and got involved with the peace treaty
negotiations between the countries. In 1952 he became ambassador to the UK
, to the USA
in 1955 and from 1961-1964 to France
On May 12, 1964 the NATO council chose Brosio to succeed Dirk Stikker
as a secretary general. He resigned September 3, 1971. On September 29, 1971, U.S. President Richard Nixon
awarded him the Presidential Medal of Freedom
Manlio Brosio died in Torino in 1980.
- . Retrieved October 2, 2005.