The Mansi language
, although this is obsolete, and "Maansi") is a language
of the Mansi people
. It is spoken in territories of Russia
along the Ob River
and its tributaries
, including the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug
and the Sverdlovsk Oblast
. According to the 1989 census
, there were 3,184 Mansi-speaking people in Russia.
The base dialect of the Mansi literary
language is the Sosva
dialect, a representative of the northern dialect area; the discussion below is based on the standard language. Fixed word order
is typical for the Mansi language. Adverbials
play an important role in sentence
construction. The written language
was first published in 1868, and in 1937 was revised using a form of the Cyrillic alphabet
The Mansi language is subdivided into four main dialects
which are to a large degree mutually unintelligible
, and therefore perhaps best considered four languages.
Northern (Sosva, Upper Lozyvin) has strong Russian, Komi, Nenets, and Northern Khanty influence. There is no accusative case; that is, both the nominative and accusative roles are unmarked on the noun. and have been backed to and .
Western (Pelym, Vagily, Middle and Lower Lazyvin) went extinct
ca. 2000. It had strong Russian and Komi influences. Long vowels were diphthongized.
Eastern (Kondin) is spoken by 100–200 people. It has Khanty and Tatar influence. There is vowel harmony
, and for it has , frequently diphthongized.
Southern (Tavdin) went extinct... Read More