Manuel Komnenos Doukas
(or Comnenus Ducas
: Μανουήλ Κομνηνός Δούκας, Manouēl Komnēnos Doukas
) (c. 1187 – c. 1241), often inaccurately called Manuel Angelos (a name he never used), was ruler of Thessalonica
from 1230 to 1237 and of Thessaly
from 1239 until his death in c. 1241.
Manuel was a legitimate son of the sebastokratōr John Doukas
. He was thus a first cousin of the emperors Isaac II Angelos
and Alexios III Angelos
, and a brother of Michael I Komnenos Doukas
and Theodore Komnenos Doukas
. Probably after 1225 or 1227 he was given the court dignity of despotes
by his brother, Theodore. At about the same time he married, perhaps as his second wife, Maria, the illegitimate daughter of Ivan Asen II of Bulgaria
, helping to cement his brother's alliance with this country.
After his brother's defeat and capture by the Bulgarians
at the Battle of Klokotnitsa
in 1230, Manuel was allowed by Ivan Asen II to rule in Thessalonica and its environs with the title of despotes.
At one point Manuel tried to establish contacts with the Papacy
, but in 1232 the longstanding breach with the Eastern Patriarchate
was finally healed.
Manuel ruled peacefully until 1237, when his widowed father-in-law Ivan Asen II married Irene, the daughter of the captive Theodore. At this point Theodore and his sons were released from captivity and resolved to recover the rule of Thessalonica. Manuel was unsuccessful in seeking the support of Prince......