Marathwada

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Description:
The name Marathwada (Marathi: मराठवाडा) identifies one of the five regions in Maharashtra state of India. The region coincides with the Aurangabad Division.

Historical highlights

The term “Marathwada” has its origin in the word “Mara-hatti-vada (Mar-hat-vada)”, meaning a region of Maratha community.

Mughal king Muhammad Shah appointed a Turani noble Asaf Jah I as the wazir of Mughal Empire in 1722, but in 1724 he left for the Deccan to start his own kingdom and took the title Nizam-ul-Mulk.. Marathwada become a part of Nizam’s domain, which later came to be known as the princely state of Hyderabad outside but under the suzerainty of British India. (“Nizam” became the title of the ruling descendants of Nizam-ul-Mulk.)

On August 15, 1947, British India was partitioned into two independent states, the Union of India and Pakistan, and the Nizam ruling Hyderabad State at that time chose not to merge Hyderabad state into either country. Subsequently, through Operation Polo, a “police action” on September 17, 1948, the Indian army annexed Hyderabad to India.

On November 1, 1956, Marathwada was transferred from Hyderabad state to Bombay state. On May 1, 1960, Bombay state was divided into Maharashtra and Gujarat states, Marathwada becoming a part of the former.Aurangabad is the headquarter of Marathwada it derived its name from Aurangzeb who ruled it for a brief period

Districts

Eight districts are in this region. They are Aurangabad, Nanded,...
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