Marcela Mariño de Agoncillo
(June 24, 1860 – May 30, 1946), also simply known as Marcela Agoncillo
, was a Filipina
renowned in Philippine history
as the principal seamstress of the first and official flag of the Philippines
, gaining her the title of Mother of the Philippine Flag.
Agoncillo was a daughter of a rich family in her hometown of Taal, Batangas
. Finishing her studies at Sta. Catalina College
, she acquired her learning in music
and feminine crafts. At the age of 30, Agoncillo married Filipino lawyer and jurist Don Felipe Agoncillo
and bore him six children. Her marriage led to her important role in Philippine history. When her husband was exiled to Hong Kong
during the outbreak of the Philippine Revolution
, Agoncillo and the rest of the family joined him and temporarily resided there to avoid the anti-Filipino hostility of some foreign countries. While in Hong Kong, General Emilio Aguinaldo
requested her to sew a flag that would represent their country
. Agoncillo, her eldest daughter and a friend manually sewed the flag in accordance with General Aguinaldo's design which later became the official flag of the Philippines.
While the flag itself is the perpetual legacy of Agoncillo, she is also commemorated through museums and monuments like the marker in Hong Kong (where her family temporarily sojourned), at her... Read More