Marcianopolis

Marcianopolis

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Marcianopolis

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Description:
Marcianopolis or Marcianople (Greek: Μαρκιανούπολις) was an ancient Roman city in Thracia. It was located at the site of modern day Devnya, Bulgaria.

History

Roman Emperor Trajan renamed the ancient city of Parthenopolis after the Second Dacian War, which ended in 106. The city was rechristened after Trajan's sister, Ulpia Marciana.Ammianus Marcellinus, XXVII, 4, 12 An important strategic centre, the city was part of Roman Thrace until 187–193, and then belonged to Moesia inferior. Marcianopolis's prosperity under the Severan Dynasty was ended by a Gothic raid in 248–249 and subsequent barbarian invasions from the north. The Romans repulsed another Gothic attack to this town in 267 (or 268), during the reign of Gallienus.Historia Augusta, Claudius, 9; Zosimus, I, 42

Under Emperor Diocletian Marcianopolis became the centre of the province Moesia Secunda of the Diocese of Thrace, and was rebuilt thoroughly in the late 3rd and early 4th century. It grew in importance at the expense of neighbouring Odessos (Varna) in the 4th century. The city was an important episcopal centre and a basilica from the period was excavated in the 20th century. During Emperor Valens' conflict with the Goths (366–369), Marcianopolis was a temporary capital of the empire and the largest city of Thrace according to a source from the period.Amm. Marcell., XXVII, 5; Theophanes the Confessor...
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