Margaret of Austria
(German: Margaretha) (10 January 1480 – 1 December 1530) was, by her two marriages, Princess of Asturias and Duchess of Savoy, and was appointed Governor of the Habsburg Netherlands
from 1507 to 1515 and again from 1519 to 1530.
Margaret was born on 10 January 1480, as the second child and only daughter of Maximilian of Austria
and Mary of Burgundy
, co-sovereigns of the Low Countries. She was named after her stepgrandmother, Margaret of York
, Dowager Duchess of Burgundy, who was especially close to Duchess Mary. In 1482, Margaret's mother died and her older brother, Philip the Handsome
, succeeded her as sovereign of the Low Countries
with their father as his regent.
In 1482, her father and King Louis XI of France
signed the Treaty of Arras
, whereby her father promised to give Margaret's hand in marriage to Louis's son Charles
. The engagement took place in 1483. Margaret, with Franche-Comté
as her dowry
, was transferred to the guardianship of King Louis XI of France
, who died soon after. She was educated at the French royal court and prepared for her future role as queen of France. She was raised as a fille de France
by Madame de Segré, under the supervision of her fiancé's sister and regent, Anne of France
. Several French noble children had their education overseen by Anne as well, amongst which Louise of Savoy
, with whom she would later negotiate peace.
Margaret developed genuine affection for Charles.... Read More