Maria Alexandrovna Ulyanova
(born Maria Alexandrovna Blank
) () ( — ) was the mother of Vladimir Lenin
, the Bolshevik
revolutionary leader and founder of the Soviet Union
Ulyanova was one of six children. Her father was Alexandr Blank
(born Israel Blank), a well-to-do physician who was a Jewish
convert to Orthodox Christianity
. Her mother, Anna Ivanovna Groschopf, was the daughter of a German father, Johann Groschopf, and a Swedish
mother, Anna Östedt.
In 1838, Ulyanova's mother died and her father turned to his sister-in-law, Ekaterina von Essen, to help raise the children. Together they bought a country estate near Kazan
and moved the family there.
Ulyanova was educated at home
, studying German
as well as Russian
and Western literature
. In 1863, she took an external degree
and became an elementary school teacher
. However, she would go on to dedicate most of her life to raising her children.
After marrying Ilya Nikolayevich Ulyanov
, an upwardly mobile teacher of mathematics and physics, the couple lived in moderate prosperity in Penza
. Later, they moved to Nizhny Novgorod
and then Simbirsk
, where Ulyanov took up a prestigious position as an inspector of primary schools.
Ulyanova displayed a courage and firmness in the face of tragedies and misfortunes that would haunt her family during her... Read More