or historical materialist historiography
is a school of historiography
influenced by Marxism
. The chief tenets of Marxist historiography are the centrality of social class
constraints in determining historical outcomes.
Marxist historiography has made contributions to the history of the working class
, oppressed nationalities
, and the methodology
of history from below
. The chief problematic aspect of Marxist historiography has been an argument on the nature of history as determined
; this can also be stated as the relative importance of subjective
factors in creating outcomes.
Marxist history is generally deterministic
, in that it posits a direction of history, towards an end state of history as classless
human society. Marxist historiography, that is, the writing of Marxist history in line with the given historiographical principles, is generally seen as a tool.
Historians who use Marxist methodology, but disagree with the mainstream of Marxism, often describe themselves as marxist
historians (with a lowercase M
). Methods from Marxist historiography, such as class analysis, can be divorced from the liberatory intent of Marxist historiography; such practitioners often refer to their work as marxian
Marx and Engels
's most important historical contribution was Der deutsche Bauernkrieg
(The German Peasants War
), which analysed social warfare in early Protestant Germany
in terms of emerging capitalist... Read More