The Massachusetts State Police
) is an agency of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
' Executive Office of Public Safety and Security responsible for criminal law enforcement and traffic vehicle regulation across the state. At present, it has approximately 2,300 officers and 400 civilian support staff—making it the largest law enforcement agency in New England, The MSP is headed by Colonel Marian McGovern. She is the first woman to head the MSP in its 144 year history. Its General Headquarters (GHQ) is located in Framingham, Massachusetts
. The MSP is the oldest statewide law enforcement agency in the United States behind the Texas Rangers.
The MSP was founded in September 1865, making it the oldest state-wide police agency in the United States
. It has its beginnings from President Calvin Coolidge, then Governor of Massachusetts, in order to curtail union riots in the streets of Boston. Calvin Coolidge asked longtime friend, Joseph O'Connor, to head up the agency. Joseph O'Connor is the first State Police officer in the United States. Calvin Coolidge grew up and had his first law practice in Northampton, MA., and there he met Joseph O'Connor, a resident of neighboring South Hadley. The agency remained small and rather informal until 1921, when the MSP was enlarged to comprise 50 officers stationed in barracks across the state with the primary mission of providing law enforcement to rural areas underserved by existing local police... Read More