Master I. A. M. of Zwolle
(known works 1470–1490, lifetime estimated as ca. 1440–1504 on the Website of the British Museum
) was an anonymous Dutch goldsmith
who signed many of his works with his initials I. A. M.
or I. A.
, and added "Zwolle
" to some. His work is characterized by crowded and active scenes of people, graded tones and crisp strokes. Only 26 works by his hand are extant.
One theory of Master I. A. M.'s identity points to Johan van den Minnesten
(also spelled Mynnesten, b. ca.
1440, d. 1504) This obscure artist was a painter in Zwolle
, but none of his works have survived, so it is impossible to prove a connection on stylistic grounds. The only link between him and Master I. A. M. is a record that his son, also named Johan, was paid to print several engravings for the city of Zwolle in 1545 these were possibly plates inherited from his father.
Another theory posits that Master I.A.M's prints were produced by two collaborating artists, one who designed the prints and another who engraved and printed them. In this theory I. A. M. could stand for "Johannes Aurifaber Meester" (Master John the Goldsmith), possibly Johannes Ludolphi
, a goldsmith
who arrived in Zwolle in... Read More