( 13 October 1912 – 14 January 1970) was an Indian independence activist from Kerala
, socialist revolutionary, Member of Parliament
, Minister of Labour
in the second E.M.S. Namboodiripad
communist ministry, and above all the staunchest proponent for the formation of the Kerala State.
Mathai was born as the second son of Mathew Manjooran
and Elishua on October 13, 1912 at Chakkarakadavu
, in the erstwhile princely state of Kochi
. Those were troubled times when the mighty waves of the global economic depression were lashing hard across the coast of Kerala. Mathai was led by hand into active politics by his elder brother Cherian Manjooran.
When the state was harrowing under the effects of the Great Depression
of the 1930s, yet another great convulsion engulfed the land from end to end. But this time it was a positive one in the form of the Quit India Movement
of 1942. Instead of being a passive spectator, Mathai plunged headlong into the vortex of the movement.
As a fearless freedom fighter, he had led many daring exploits against the British, both in Kerala and in the north of India. His involvement in the Quit India Movement
of 1942 saw him and his cronies actively involved in an attempt to sabotage several strategic railway bridges in the Malabar region
to cripple the military movements across the area. The tumultuous Kizhaariyoor bomb case
is the result of one of such attempts.
In the post-independence era,... Read More