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The McDonnell Douglas DC-9
(initially known as the Douglas DC-9
) is a twin-engine, single-aisle jet airliner
. It was first manufactured in 1965 with its maiden flight later that year. The DC-9 was designed for frequent, short flights. The final DC-9 was delivered in October 1982.
The DC-9 was followed in subsequent modified forms by the MD-80
and Boeing 717
. With the final two deliveries of the 717 in 2006, production of the DC-9/MD-80/90/717 aircraft family ceased after 41 years and nearly 2,500 units built.
Design and development
During the 1950s, Douglas Aircraft
began studying a short-medium range airliner to complement its higher capacity, long range DC-8
. A medium range, four-engine design was studied, but it did not receive enough interest from airlines and was abandoned. Then in 1960, Douglas signed a two-year contract with Sud Aviation
for technical cooperation. As part of the agreement Douglas would help market and support the Sud Aviation Caravelle
along with license-production of an American version if orders were high enough. However, no orders were received and Douglas returned to its design studies after the two years.Endres, Gunter. McDonnell Douglas DC-9/MD-80 & MD-90
. London: Ian Allan, 1991. ISBN 0-7110-1958-4.
In 1962, early design studies were underway. The first... Read More