Meir Ya'ari

Meir Ya'ari

Member Of The Knesset
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Meir Ya'ari

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Meir Ya'ari (, 21 February 1897 – 24 April 1987) was an Israeli politician, educator and social activist. He was the leader of Hashomer Hatzair, Kibbutz Artzi and Mapam, and a member of the Knesset.


Ya'ari was born in Galicia in 1897. At the break of World War I his family moved to Vienna. At the age of 17 he volunteered to the Austrian Army and served as an officer until the end of the war. He studied at the Agricultural Academy and at the University of Vienna. In 1919 he co-founded and co-led the Viennese Hashomer Hatzair. In 1920 he made aliyah to Israel. He worked at Kinneret and Gdud HaAvoda paving roads from Tiberias to Tzemah and to Tabgha. He was a prominent member in the first collective of Hashomer Hatzair in Bitania, and was among the founders of the Histadrut. Since 1924 he served as Secretary of the world Hashomer Hatzair.

In 1927 he founded Kibbutz Artzi, was elected its secretary and took part in drafting its principles. In 1929 he was among the founders of kibbutz Merhavia, where he lived until he died.

In 1948 he co-founded Mapam as its leader, and functioned as its general secretary until 1973. He was a Mapam MK in the first through seventh Knessets, from 1949 to 1973. In the first Knesset he was member of the Knesset committee, and in the fifth through seventh Knessets he was member of Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee.

His movement co-leader and...
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