The mendicant orders
are religious orders
which depend directly on the charity
of the people for their livelihood. In principle, they do not own property
, either individually or collectively (see corporate poverty
), believing that this was the most pure way of life to copy followed by Jesus Christ
, in order that all their time and energy could be expended on religious work.
Christian mendicant orders
mendicant orders spend their time preaching the Gospel
and serving the poor.
Both of the two main new orders founded by Saint Dominic
and Saint Francis
were prompted by a need to reinvigorate the life of the Catholic Church
. Francis came to this through a long period of personal conversion
. Dominic's concern was to combat the Cathar heresy
in southern France by offering a model of God being active within the world. They attracted a significant level of patronage, as much from townsfolk as aristocrats. Their focus of operation rapidly centered on towns where population growth historically outstripped the provision of rural parishes. Most medieval towns in Western Europe of any size came to possess houses of one or more of the major orders of friars. Some of their churches came to be built on grand scale with large spaces devoted to preaching, something of a specialty among the mendicant orders.
Saint Francis, and his follower, Saint Anthony of Padua
, were notable inspirations to the formation of Christian mendicant traditions.
In the Middle Ages
, the original mendicant... Read More