(translated literally "Español mexicano"
in Spanish) is a version of the Spanish language
, as spoken in Mexico
and in various places of Canada and the United States of America, where there are communities of Mexican origin.
Spanish was brought to Mexico
beginning in the 16th century CE. As a result of Mexico City's central role in the colonial administration of New Spain
, the population of the city included relatively large numbers of speakers from Spain
. Mexico City (Tenochtitlán
) had also been the capital of the Aztec
Empire, and many speakers of the Aztec language Nahuatl
continued to live there and in the surrounding region, outnumbering the Spanish-speakers for several generations. Consequently, Mexico City tended historically to exercise a standardizing effect over the entire country, more or less, evolving into a distinctive dialect of Spanish
which incorporated a significant number of hispanicized Nahuatl words.
The territory of contemporary Mexico is not coextensive with what might be termed Mexican Spanish. First, the Spanish of the Yucatán Peninsula
is distinct from all other forms, both in intonation and in the incorporation of Mayan
words. The Spanish spoken in the areas that border Guatemala
resembles the variation of Central American Spanish
spoken in that country, where the voseo
is used. Secondly, Spanish remained a language widely used in Texas after its independence from Mexico, where it is identified as Tex-Mex
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