During his AFL playing career, which was played entirely at Brisbane for the Brisbane Bears and Brisbane Lions, he was recognised as one of the greats of league and club and is listed by journalist Mike Sheahan's as one of the top 50 players of all time. He won the league's most prestigious award, the Brownlow Medal and was recognised as one of the best players and captains in the league between 2002 and 2003 through six time All-Australian selection including captaincy and winner of the Leigh Matthews Trophy for the league's most valued player. He captained the Brisbane Lions in four consecutive AFL Grand Finals, yielding three premierships (2001–2003). Additionally, he represented Australia in the 2006 International Rules Series and the state of Queensland in State of Origin. As a player he was noted for his fearless play, inspirational leadership and the ability to turn a game. Voss has been inducted into the Australian Football Hall of Fame.