Miguel Enríquez Espinosa
(; March 27, 1944 - October 5, 1974) was a physician
and one founder of the Chilean political party
and former left-wing guerrilla
organization Movement of the Revolutionary Left
) (Spanish Movimiento de Izquierda Revolucionaria
), founded 1965. He was General Secretary
of the MIR between 1967 and his death in 1974.
After the September 11, 1973 coup
Enriquez led the political-military resistance of MIR against the newly established dictatorship
. Besides a small automatic weapons arsenal the MIR manufactured its own workshop-made assault weaponry at the "Talleres
" (one of MIR's infrastructure details founded in 1969).
After a year of Enríquez operating in clandestinity, Army Intelligence DINA
uncovered his safe-house in the working class
district of San Miguel in Santiago
from where he organised the MIR. On October 5, 1974 his house was surrounded by DINA agents backed by heavily armed security forces personnel with an armored personnel carrier and a helicopter
. Enriquez resisted arrest by returning fire upon DINA agents and police. He was wounded in the beginning of the assault, remaining alone in the ensuing hours-lasting gun battle, thus covering the retreat of his pregnant wife (Carmen Cstillo, also wounded) and two other men that fled. He received ten bullet wounds, including one to the head.