The ministry leads the coordination, policy making, monitoring and evaluation of all counter-narcotics activities and efforts. All activities are carried out in view of the Constitution of Afghanistan, the Afghan Drug Law and Afghanistan's National Drug Control Strategy (NDCS).
The role of Minister of Counter Narcotics has been described as the world's toughest job .
Opium production in Afghanistan exceeds by far the opium produced in the rest of the world. The ministry has the lead on co-ordinating and evaluating the Afghan Drug Law and the NDCS.