( Kimberlitovaya Almaznaya Trubka "Mir"
; English: kimberlite diamond
pipe "Peace") also called Mirny Mine
is an open pit diamond
mine located in Mirny
, Eastern Siberia
. The mine is deep (4th in the world) and has a diameter of , and is the second largest excavated hole in the world, after Bingham Canyon Mine
. The airspace above the mine is closed for helicopters because of a few incidents in which they were sucked in by the downward air flow.
The mine was discovered on June 13, 1955 by Soviet
geologists Yuri Khabardin, Ekaterina Elagina and Viktor Avdeenko during the large Amakinsky Expedition in Yakut ASSR
. They found traces of volcanic rock kimberlite
which are usually associated with diamonds. This finding was the first success in the search for kimberlite in Russia, after numerous failed expeditions of the 1940s and 1950s. For this discovery, in 1957 Khabardin was given the Lenin Prize
, which was one of the highest awards in the Soviet Union
The development of the mine had started in 1957 in extremely harsh climate conditions. Seven months of winter per year froze the ground, which was hard in winter, but turned into sludge in summer. Buildings had to be raised on piles, so that they would not sink in summer, and the main processing plant had to be built on a better... Read More