Considered the "founder of modern literary criticism in Iran," Mīrzā Fatḥ ʿAlī Ākhūnd'zādah used literary criticism as "the vehicle for his reformist impulse." and attacked the "decadence of Persian literature — a literature that failed to address the social needs of its time."
He published many works on literary criticism:
Risālah-i īrād ("Fault-finding treatise")
Fann-i kirītīkah ("Art of criticism")
Darbārah-i Mullā-yi Rūmī va tasnīf-i ū ("On Rumi and his work")
Darbārah-i nazm va nasr ("On verse and prose")
Fihrist-i kitāb ("Preface to the book")
Maktūb bih Mīrzā Āqā Tabrīzī ("Letter to Mīrzā Āqā Tabrīzī")