The Missile Technology Control Regime
) is an informal and voluntary partnership between 34 countries to prevent the proliferation
and unmanned aerial vehicle
technology capable of carrying a 500 kg payload at least 300 km.
The Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) was established in April 1987 by Canada
, Great Britain
, and the United States
. The MTCR was created in order to curb the spread of unmanned delivery systems for nuclear weapons
, specifically delivery systems that could carry a minimum payload of 500 kg a minimum of 300 km.
At the annual meeting in Oslo
in July 1992, chaired by Sten Lundbo
, it was agreed to expand the scope of the MTCR to include nonproliferation of unmanned aerial vehicles
(UAVs) for all weapons of mass destruction
. Prohibited materials are divided into two Categories, which are outlined in the MTCR Equipment, Software, and Technology Annex. Membership has grown to 34 nations, with 3 additional nations, including Israel, adhering to the MTCR Guidelines unilaterally.
Since its establishment, the MTCR has been successful in helping to slow or stop several ballistic missile
programs, according to the Arms Control Association: “Argentina, Egypt, and Iraq abandoned their joint Condor II ballistic missile program. Brazil, South Africa, South Korea, and Taiwan also shelved or eliminated missile or space launch vehicle programs. Some... Read More