Mohammad Ali Shah Qajar
() (21 June 1872 – 5 April 1925, San-Remo) was the Shah of Persia
from January 8, 1907 to July 16, 1909.
He was against the constitution
that was ratified during the reign of his father, Mozzafar-al-Din Shah
. In 1907 Mohammad Ali dissolved Majles
(Iranian parliament/National assembly) and declared the Constitution abolished because it was contrary to Islamic law
. He bombarded the Majles with the military and political support of Russia
.However, he abdicated following a new Constitutional Revolution
and he was remembered as a symbol of dictatorship.
He fled to Odessa
(present day Ukraine
). Mohammad Ali plotted his return to power from Odessa. In 1911 he landed at Astarabad
, Iran, but his forces were defeated. Mohammad Ali Shah fled to Constantinople
and died in San Remo
, April 5, 1925 (bur. Shrine of Imam Husain
). Every future shah
of Iran since Mohammad Ali Shah would die in exile as well.
His son and successor, Ahmad Shah Qajar
was the last ruler in the Qajar dynasty
.Soltan Ali Mirza Kadjar, 'Mohammad Ali Shah: The Man and the King', in: Qajar Studies. Travellers and Diplomats in the Qajar Era. Journal of the International Qajar Studies Association
, volume VII, 2007.