Mohammad Hashim Maiwandwal

Mohammad Hashim Maiwandwal

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Mohammad Hashim Maiwandwal

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Mohammad Hashim Maiwandwal ( - b:1919 d:1973) was an Afghan politician during the reign of Zahir Shah.


After graduating from high school, Mohammad Hashim became a journalist, editing several newspapers. During the 1950s, he was appointed as an Afghan ambassador to Britain, the United States and Pakistan alternately from 1955 to 1963.

In October 1965, following the election of the new legislature, an impasse over its approval of the new cabinet brought rioting and the intervention by the army, leading to the death of at least three student demonstrators.

The proposed cabinet was withdrawn, and the constitution of a new one under the leadership of Muhammad Hashim Maiwandwal, a senior diplomat, was approved with little opposition. Nominated by the King, he quickly established friendly relations with the students, while making it clear that he was in charge and there were going to be limits to student political activity.

He served as prime minister of Afghanistan from November 2, 1965 until October 11, 1967. He resigned due to ill health. Maiwandwal had no children, and he left all his property to the state.

In 1966 he founded the Jam’iat Demokrate-ye Mottaraqi (Progressive Democratic Party), a leftist monarchist party. It advocated evolutionary socialism and parliamentary democracy. Maiwandwal, who was elected in 1965, lost his seat when the government selectively influenced the elections.

The rise of Daud to power after the 1973 coup was galling to other would-be...
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