Emir Said Mir Mohammed Alim Khan
(January 3, 1880–April 28, 1944) was the last emir
of the Manghit dynasty
, the last ruling dynasty of the Emirate of Bukhara
in Central Asia
. Although Bukhara
was a protectorate
of the Russian Empire
from 1873, the Emir presided over the internal affairs of his emirate
as absolute monarch
and reigned from January 3, 1911 to August 30, 1920.
At the age of thirteen, Alim Khan was sent by his father Emir Abdulahad Khan
to Saint Petersburg
for three years to study government and modern military techniques. In 1896, having received formal confirmation as Crown Prince
of Bukhara by the Russian government, he returned home.
After two years in Bukhara assisting in his father's administration, he was appointed governor of Nasef region for the next twelve years. He was then transferred to the northern province of Karmana
, which he ruled for another two years, until receiving word in 1910 of his father's death.
Alim Khan's rule began with promise. Initially, he declared that he would no longer expect or accept any gifts, and prohibited his officials from demanding bribes
from the public, or imposing taxes
on their own authority. However, as time went by the Emir's attitude towards bribes, taxes, and state salaries changed. The conflict between the traditionalists and the reformists ended with the traditionalists in control, and the reformers in exile in Moscow
. It is thought that Alim Khan, who initially favored modernization
and the... Read More