Moldavian Democratic Republic

Moldavian Democratic Republic

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Moldavian Democratic Republic

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Description:
The Moldavian Democratic Republic (), a.k.a. Moldavian Republic, was the state proclaimed on by Sfatul Ţării (the National Council) of Bessarabia, elected in October-November 1917 in the wake of the February Revolution and disintegration of the political power in the Russian Empire.

Sfatul Ţării was its legislative body, while the Council of Directors General, renamed Council of Ministers after the Declaration of Independence, was its government.

History

When the February Revolution happened in Petrograd in 1917, the governor of the Bessarabia Governorate stepped down and passed his legal powers to Constantin Mimi, the President of the Gubernial Zemstvo, which was named the Commissar of the Provisional Government in Bessarabia, with Vladimir Criste his deputy. Similar procedures took place in all regions of the Russian Empire: the chiefs of the Tsarist administrations passed their legal powers to the chiefs of the County and Governorate Zemstvos, which were then called County/Governorate Commissars.Ion Nistor, p. 279

The Peasants' Congress, which took place in October 1917, voted Mimi out and Ion Inculeţ in as the new Commissar. This move was planned by Alexander Kerenski, who sent Inculeţ, an associate professor at the University of Petrograd, to Bessarabia to take hold of the situation. As soon as the Peasants' Congress, which had no legal power, voted, Kerenski formally replaced Mimi with Inculeţ. When...
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