, known as Bökh
or Үндэсний бөх), is the folk wrestling
style of Mongols
, Inner Mongolia
and other regions. Bökh means "durability".
Wrestling is the most important of the Mongolian culture's historic "Three Manly Skills", that also include horsemanship
considered wrestling to be an important way to keep his army in good physical shape and combat ready. The Manchu dynasty
(1646–1911) Imperial court held regular wrestling events, mainly between Manchu and Mongol
wrestlers.There are several different versions, Mongolian (in the country of Mongolia and in Tuva of Russia), Buryatian (in the Buryatia of Russia) and Inner Mongolian
(in northern China).
Cave paintings in the Bayankhongor Province
dating back to Neolithic age of 7000 BC show grappling of two naked men and surrounded by crowds. The art of Bökh appears on bronze plates discovered in the ruins of the Xiongnu
empire (206 BC–220 AD). Originally, Bökh was a military sport intended to provide mainly strength, stamina and skills training to troops. Genghis Khan
(1206–1227) and the all later Emperors of the Mongol Empire (1206–1368) and also the Emperors of later Khanates
were keen to support the sport for this reason so wrestling events were included... Read More