The Monument to Vasil Levski
(, Pametnik na Vasil Levski
) in the centre of Sofia
, the capital of Bulgaria
, is one of the first monuments to be built in the then newly-liberated Principality of Bulgaria
. It commemorates the hanging of Bulgarian national hero
and major revolutionary figure Vasil Levski
in the city on 18 February 1873.
The monument is 13 m high, made of grey Balkan granite and designed by Czech
architect Antonín Kolář
. The bronze bas-relief of the head of Levski, part of the monument, was created by Josef Strachovský
(or, according to other sources, Austrian
sculptor Rudolf Weyr
), whereas Italian
Abramo Peruchelli did the stonecutting work. It was inaugurated on 22 October 1895, but was planned and worked on ever since the Liberation of Bulgaria
in 1878, the construction being hindered by a chronic lack of funds and negligence, and taking a whole 17 years. This ignited a wave of indignation among the Bulgarian intellectuals of the time, with the poet Konstantin Velichkov
even branding this carelessness in a 1881 poem ().
A draft for the monument featured a large Christian cross
over a crescent
, but it was rejected as religiously intolerant
and incompatible with Levski's proper beliefs in equality and tolerance. Other plans included a full-length bronze statue of Levski, which however was turned down as too expensive.
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