The Mosque of Muhammad Ali Pasha
or Alabaster Mosque
: مسجد محمد علي, Turkish
: Mehmet Ali Paşa Camii
) is a mosque
situated in the Citadel of Cairo
and commissioned by Muhammad Ali Pasha
between 1830 and 1848.
Situated on the summit of the citadel, this Ottoman
mosque, the largest to be built in the first half of the 19th century, is, with its animated silhouette and twin minarets
, the most visible mosque in Cairo
.The mosque was built in memory of Tusun Pasha
, Muhammad Ali
's oldest son, who died in 1816.
This mosque, along with the citadel, is one of the landmarks and tourist attractions of Cairo
and is one of the first features to be seen when approaching the city from no matter which side.
The mosque was built on the site of old Mamluk
buildings in Cairo's Citadel between 1830 and 1848, although not completed until the reign of Said Pasha
in 1857. The architect was Yusuf Bushnak from Istanbul
and its model was the Yeni Mosque
in that city. The ground on which the mosque was erected was built with debris from the earlier buildings of the Citadel.
Before completion of the mosque, the alabastered
panels from the upper walls were taken away and used for the palaces of Abbas I
. The stripped walls were clad with wood painted to look like marble. In 1899 the mosque showed signs of cracking and some inadequate repairs were undertaken. But... Read More