The Motherland Party
, (, abbreviated as ANAVATAN
and formerly abbreviated as ANAP
) was a political party
. It was founded in 1983 by Turgut Özal
. It was merged to Democratic Party
in October 2009. The ANAP was considered a centre-right nationalist
party which supported restrictions on the role that government can play in the economy, which favoured private capital and enterprise, and which allowed for some public expressions of religion.
The ANAP maintained a majority in the government of Turkey from 1983 until 1991. Turgut Özal held the position of Prime Minister
from 1983 to 1989, then President
from 1989 to 1993. During this time, the ANAP leaders transformed the Turkish economy by beginning free-market reforms, particularly cutting down the public area and moving towards privately owned business. In 1987, the ANAP-led government filed for admission into the European Economic Community
, the forerunner of the European Union
. However, this attempt to enter the EEC was ended when the ANAP criticized the customs union of the EEC and decided the admission terms prescribed by the EEC to be not in the best interest of Turkey or its people.
After its longest run, the ANAP has had few opportunities to return to leadership. In 1995, The Motherland party formed a brief coalition with the True Path Party
(DYP), another centre-right oriented party, that allowed their influence to return for a short period of time. Then, from July 1997 to November 1998, the ANAP was returned... Read More