(, 1909–1995) was a Chinese New Confucian
philosopher. He was born in Shandong
province and graduated from Peking University
. In 1949 he moved to Taiwan
and later to Hong Kong, and he remained outside of Mainland China
for the rest of his life. His thought was heavily influenced by Immanuel Kant
, whose three Critiques he translated into Chinese, and above all by Tiantai
Over the last 40 years of his life, Mou wrote histories of "Neo-Daoist," Confucian, and Buddhist philosophy (totaling six volumes) a group of constructive philosophic treatises, culminating in his 1985 work, On the Summum Bonum
(), in which he attempts to rectify the problems in Kant's system through a Confucian-based philosophy reworked with a set of concepts appropriated from Tiantai Buddhism.
In the People's Republic of China, Mou is especially famous for his cultural traditionalism and his defense of democracy as a traditional Chinese value.
Mou's complete works contains more than 30 volumes written over about 60 years. In religious studies and philosophy programs, attention is paid mostly to his production in his last 30 years. These can be divided into histories of Chinese philosophy and philosophic treatises.
Histories of Philosophy
Physical Nature and Speculative Reason
才性與玄理 (1963). Mou's main treatise on "Neo-Daoism" or xuanxue
玄學. Analysis of intellectual developments of the Wei-Jin dynasties (220-420 AD), said to set the... Read More