Mount Abu Wildlife Sanctuary
is located in one of the oldest mountain ranges of India, the Aravalli
range. It was declared a wildlife sanctuary in 1960.
It spreads out into a plateau which is about 19 km in length and 6 km in breadth. In altitude, it varies from 300 meters at the foot to 1722 meters at Guru Shikhar
, the highest peak in Rajasthan
The rocks are igneous and due to the weathering effect of wind and water, large cavities are common in them.
It is very rich in floral bio-diversity starting from xenomorphic sub-tropical thorn forests in the foot hills to sub-tropical evergreen forests along water courses and valleys at higher altitudes.
There are about 112 plant families with 449 genera
and 820 species
. Of these, 663 species are dicots
while 157 species are monocots
Mount Abu is the only place in Rajasthan where one can observe a variety of orchids. The place is also rich in bryophytes and algae. Three species of wild roses and 16 species of feras some of which are quite rare have also been reported from here. The south-west part of the sanctuary is rich in bamboo forests.
About 81 species of trees, 89 species of shrubs, 28 species of climbers and 17 species of tuberous plants of medicinal importance have been identified in this sanctuary.
A variety of fauna, including highly rare, threatened and endangered species are found in this sanctuary. The past history of Mount Abu indicates the presence of lion
(last recorded in... Read More