A movement for the reunification of Romania and Moldova
began in both countries after the Romanian Revolution of 1989
and the beginning of glasnost
policy in the Soviet Union
. The question of reunification is recurrent in the public sphere of the two countries, often as a speculation, both as a goal and a danger.
Individuals who advocate the unification are usually called "unionists" (unionişti
). Some support it as a peaceful process based on consent in the two countries, others in the name of a "Romanian historical right over Bessarabia". Among those who oppose it, there is a distinctive group of "Moldovenists
), who reject the unionists' claim that Moldovans and Romanians are the same ethnic group.
had been part of the Principality of Moldavia
until it was annexed by the Russian Empire
in 1812. During the Russian Revolution of 1917
, a newly formed Parliament (Sfatul Ţării
) declared Bessarabia's autonomy inside a Russian state. In 1918, after the Romanian army entered Bessarabia, the makeshift parliament decided on independence, only to review its position and ultimately decide on a conditional union with Romania. The conditions, including the provisions for autonomy, were ultimately dropped.
In 1940, during World War II
, Romania agreed to an ultimatum
and ceded the... Read More