The Islamic Prophet Muhammad
was born and lived in Mecca
for the first 52 years of his life (570–622). Orphaned early in life, he became known as a prominent merchant; he married Khadija
at age 25.
According to the Muslim tradition, Muhammad
began receiving revelations
at the age of 40. The key theme of his messages in Mecca was generosity towards the poor. Although some converted, many others (especially the tribal leaders) opposed, ridiculed and eventually boycotted his clan, and his followers were harassed, tortured and forced into exile. Several attempts were made on his lifeSahih Bukhari
: Volume 6, Book 60, Number 339 When his uncle and chief protector, Abu Talib
, who was the head of the clan of Banu Hashim
died, Muhammad migrated to Medina
in 622, where many had converted and agreed to help and assist him.
Muslims celebrate the birth of Muhammad, and Islamic tradition relates many events during this period that foreshadow his prophethood. They also believe he made the night journey
and the heavens while still living in Mecca.
Sources for Muhammad's life in Mecca
He is the first founder of a major world religion
who lived in the full light of history and about whom there are numerous records in historical texts, although like other premodern historical figures not every detail of his life is... Read More