() is the conventional title given to a Babylonian
compendium that deals with many diverse aspects of Babylonian astronomy
It is in the tradition of earlier star catalogues
, the so-called Three Stars Each
lists, but represents an expanded version based on more accurate observation, likely compiled around 1000 BC.John H. Rogers, "", Journal of the British Astronomical Association 108
(1998) 9–28The text lists the names of 66 stars and constellations and further gives a number of indications, such as rising, setting and culmination dates, that help to map out the basic structure of the Babylonian star map.
The text is preserved in a 7th century BC copy on a pair of tablets, named for their incipit
, corresponding to the first constellation of the year, "The Plough", identified with Triangulum
plus Gamma Andromedae
The earliest copy of the text so far discovered was made in 686 BC, however the majority of scholars now believe that the text was originally compiled around 1000 BC. The latest copies of Mul-Apin are currently dated to around 300 BC.
Astrophysicist Bradley Schaefer
claims that the observations reported in these tablets were made in the region of Assur
at... Read More