<!-- See WikiProject Indian cities
for details -->Mussoorie
: मसूरी, Masūrī
) is a city and a municipal board
in the Dehradun District
of the northern Indian state
. It is located about 35 km from the state capital of Dehradun
and 290 km north from the national capital of New Delhi
. This hill station
, situated in the foothills of the Garhwal Himalayan
ranges, is also known as the Queen of the Hills
. The adjoining town of Landour
, which includes a military cantonment
, is considered part of 'greater Mussoorie', as are the townships of Barlowganj and Jharipani.
Being at an average altitude
of <!--Compare figures in ==Geography== -->, Mussoorie, with its green hills and varied flora
, is a fascinating hill resort. Commanding snow ranges to the north-east, and glittering views of the Doon Valley
ranges in the south, the town was once said to present a 'fairyland' atmosphere to tourists.The highest point is Lal Tibba with a height of over <!--Compare figures in ==Geography== -->.
In 1832, Mussourie was the intended terminus of the Great Survey of India
that began at the southern tip of India. Although unsuccessful, the Surveyor General of India wanted to have the new office of the Survey of India
based in Mussoorie. A compromise was to have it in Dehradun
, where it still located.
By 1901 Mussoorie's population had grown to 6461, rising to 15,000 in the summer season. Earlier,... Read More