(c. 1608 – 16 December 1669) was an English politician
who sat in the House of Commons
at various times between 1640 and 1659. He was an officer in Parliamentary
army during the English Civil War
and an active supporter of the republican cause during the Interregnum
He was the second son of William Fiennes, 1st Viscount Saye and Sele
, by Elizabeth, daughter of John Temple, of Stowe in Buckinghamshire
, was born in 1607 or 1608, and educated at Winchester
and at New College, Oxford
, where, as founder's kin, he was admitted a perpetual fellow in 1624.
After about five years residence he left without taking a degree, travelled abroad, and in Switzerland
imbibed or strengthened those religious principles and that hostility to the Laudian church
which were to be the chief motive in his future political career. He returned to Scotland in 1639, and established communications with the Covenanters
and the Opposition in England. As Member of Parliament
in both the Short
Parliaments he took a prominent part in the attacks upon the church.
He spoke against the illegal canons on 14 December 1640, and again on 9 February 1641 on the occasion of the reception of the London petition, when he argued against episcopacy as constituting a political as well as a religious danger and made a great impression on the House of Commons
, his name being added immediately to the committee appointed to deal with church affairs.
He took a leading part in the... Read More