The National Basketball Association
(NBA) has faced a multitude of criticisms from both sports writers and fans.
Racial and cultural issues
Many have criticized the NBA for embracing "Hip-hop culture
". While some observers have argued that this criticism has more to do with race than hip-hop itself, it is a fact that the league is very much connected to the hip-hop generation. Rappers Nelly
have ownership stakes in NBA teams (the Charlotte Bobcats
and New Jersey Nets
respectively), and many artists have worn NBA throwback jerseys in music videos. In turn, the NBA plays rap and hip-hop in arenas during games, and ABC
uses the music during its coverage. Players in the NBA have tried rap or hip hop themselves (Shaquille O'Neal
, Kobe Bryant
, Tony Parker
, Allen Iverson
, Chris Webber
, and Ron Artest
are some examples) and several also dress and act in ways that are in accordance with hip-hop culture (for example, the tattoos and jewelry worn by several players).
Since 1998, the NBA's television ratings
have dropped considerably (some also attribute this is to Michael Jordan
's retirement and the decline of the Chicago Bulls
), and criticism of the league has mounted to the point where some columnists have freely referred to players in the league as 'thugs' in columns and referred to the league as 'violent'.
Some have argued that the criticism of the NBA is hypocritical, considering the relative lack of criticism of Major League Baseball
, National Hockey......