- This article is about the WWII French resistance movement. For the French far-right wing political party, see Front National.
The National Front
( or Front national de l'indépendance de la France
) was a World War II French Resistance
movement, created in 1941 by Jacques Duclos
and Pierre Villon
, both members of the French Communist Party
(PCF). Its name was inspired by the Popular Front
, a left-wing coalition which governed France from 1936 to 1938.
The political front of the FTP
The National Front (FN) was destined to be the "political representative" of the armed force called the Francs-Tireurs et Partisans
(FTP). It engaged mainly in propaganda
, editing reviews, fabricating false identity documents
, supporting clandestine organizations logistically, and sabotaging
German and Vichy facilities and capabilities. It was a member of the Conseil national de la Résistance
(CNR), which federated, under Jean Moulin
's authority, various Resistance movements, beginning in the middle of 1943.
Led by Pierre Villon
, it then extended itself to Catholics
and other religious resistants. Pierre Villon stated: "The FN is the only movement where we have finally reconciled the parish priest (curé
) and the teacher, the Parti Social Français
and the Communist, and the Radical
with the Socialist
." Various specialized professional organizations were created under the authority of the Front National (the workers' Front National,... Read More