The National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences
(NIEHS) is a part of the National Institutes of Health
(NIH), which is in turn a part of the Department of Health and Human Services
of the NIEHS is to "reduce the burden of human illness
by understanding how the environment
influences the development and progression of human disease
". NIEHS focuses on basic science, disease-oriented research, global environmental health, clinical research, and multidisciplinary training for researchers.
NIEHS researchers and grantees have shown the deadly effects of asbestos
exposure, the developmental impairment of children exposed to lead
and the health effects of urban pollution
. This is the laboratory of the 1994 co-recipient of the Nobel Prize
in medicine, Dr. Martin Rodbell
. Here scientists that same year had a key role in identifying the first breast cancer gene
, and, in 1995, identified a gene that suppresses prostate cancer
. Here is where genetically altered mice
have been developed -- to improve and shorten the screening of potential toxins
and to help develop aspirin-like anti-inflammatory drugs with fewer side effects.
The Institute funds centers for environmental health studies at universities across the United States.
In 1966, the U.S. Surgeon General created a Division of Environmental Health Sciences within the NIH. Three years later, the division became its own institute, the National Institute of... Read More