The National Labor Board
(NLB) was an independent agency of the United States Government
established on August 5, 1933 to handle labor disputes
arising under the National Industrial Recovery Act
Establishment, structure and procedures
The American labor movement, encouraged by the protections guaranteed under Section 7(a) of the National Industrial Recovery Act
(NIRA), undertook a wave of organizing not seen in almost two decades. A series of strikes
overtook the country in the summer of 1933.
The NIRA established the National Recovery Administration
(NRA), and General Hugh S. Johnson
was named the agency's administrator.
Gen. Johnson had initially expressed the hope that the NIRA would be self-policing system. But that had clearly not happened, and formal governmental machinery was needed to handle the sudden wave of labor activity.
Subsequently, Johnson—acting on a joint motion from the NRA's Industrial Advisory Board and Labor Advisory Board—created the NLB. President Franklin D. Roosevelt
announced the NLB's formation on August 5, 1933. Roosevelt issued no executive order defining the Board's powers, duties or procedures, but he did assert that the board should 'consider, adjust, and settle differences and controversies' arising in labor disputes.
The NLB had seven members. Three members represented labor:......