National Liberation Front (Greece)

National Liberation Front (Greece)

National Liberation Front (Greece)

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Description:
The National Liberation Front (, Ethniko Apeleftherotiko Metopo, EAM) was the main movement of the Greek Resistance during the Axis occupation of Greece during World War II. Its main driving force was the Communist Party of Greece (KKE), but its membership throughout the Occupation period included several other leftist and republican groups. EAM became the first true mass social movement in modern Greek history, and even established its own government, the Political Committee of National Liberation, in the areas it had liberated in spring 1944. At the same time, from late 1943 onwards, the political enmity between EAM and Nazi collaborators from the right evolved into a virtual civil war, which was ended only with the Lebanon conference in May 1944. The organization reached its peak after Liberation in late 1944, when it controlled most of the country, before suffering a catastrophic military and political defeat against western allied forces in the December 1944 events. This marked the beginning of its gradual decline and the open persecution of its members by the Allied-backed conservative post-war Greek elite, leading eventually to the outbreak of the Greek Civil War. Today, EAM and its members are viewed as heroes by the vast majority of the Greek population.

History



Background

During the Metaxas Regime, the Communist Party of Greece (KKE) was outlawed and its members persecuted. Its hierarchy and organization suffered heavy blows from Metaxas' efficient...
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