The National Police of Colombia
(Spanish: Policía Nacional de Colombia
) is the national police
force of Colombia
. Although the National Police is not part of the Military of Colombia
(Army, Navy, and Air Force), it constitutes along with them the "Public Force" and is also controlled by the Ministry of Defense
. They are the largest police force in Colombia. The force's official functions are to protect the Colombian nation, enforce the law by constitutional mandate, maintain and guarantee the necessary conditions for public freedoms and rights and to ensure peaceful cohabitation among the population.
Creation in the 19th Century
During the second half of the 19th century Colombia went through many political changes and struggles to define itself as a nation. Tensions between the two main political parties, the Colombian Liberal Party
and the Colombian Conservative Party
, escalated to numerous civil wars trying to establish a political system between federalism
and other major differences.
The National Police of Colombia was established by Law 90 of 1888 to be under government orders and as a dependency of the then Ministry of Government intended to function as a gendarmerie
.The new institution was planned to be a force of 300 gendarmes divided into three companies
; commanded by a captain, two lieutenants and a second lieutenant, all commanded by two high ranking officers.
On October 23, 1890, acting... Read More